The university is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities. The University Grants Commission recognized the university and registered it under section 12B of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.
Vinoba Bhave University is a state university located in Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India, about 100 km from Ranchi, the state capital. The university offers courses at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels. It manages and maintains 12 constituent colleges, as well as 61 affiliated colleges which teach up to the undergraduate level. The university educates people in physical science, life science, earth science, social science, humanities, commerce, technology, medical science, law, education, homeopathy and ayurvedic medicines. The university came into existence on 17 September 1992 as a result of the bifurcation of Ranchi University.
- To provide accessibility and quality education, even in the remotest area.
- Access with inclusiveness, accountability with quality and equity with excellence.
- To take care of relevancy, costs, diversification, and international standards in higher education.
- To establish culture of collaboration and cooperation.
- To strengthen educational-professional interface.
- To contribute in building the society and the nation.
- To improve the quality of life in harmony with our heritage, culture and environment.
- Vinoba Bhave University aspires to become a modern 21st Century institution as a leading Centre of Excellence.
Vinoba Bhave University is the fruit of a years long endeavour by the people of Hazaribag. Although the history of higher education in the town goes way back into the past, beginning with the establishment of St Columbas College in 1899 by the brothers of the Dublin Mission, post-graduate curricula were commenced here only in 1972 with the introduction of MA courses in History and Economics. Subsequently, the college was converted into a post graduate centre of Ranchi University. By January 1983, post graduate teaching was extended to four more subjects with the approval of the Government of Bihar namely English, Hindi Political science and Mathematics. Finally, by Act 3 of 1990, the Bihar state assembly amended the Bihar state Universities Act 1976, carving Vinoba Bhave University out of Ranchi University. It was aptly named after the great saint and pioneer of the Bhoodan Movement, Acharya Vinoba Bhave, as the sage had received here the biggest land donation in the whole of India for social reconstruction.